In recent years Herman Melville's "Bartleby, the Scrivener" has attracted its share of critics, many of whom have rightly proclaimed the tale to be an ingenious treatment of the theme of freedom and limitation. What is the precise nature of Bartleby's revolt? And how ought we to characterize the Probing the "mysterious" wellsprings of preference and motive, Melville observes in Pierre that "no mere mortal who has … gone down into himself will ever pretend that his slightest … act originates in his own defined identity.
Man's "texture," writes Melville, "is very porous, and things assumed upon the Herman Melville's 'Bartleby the Scrivener: An Introduction, Nelson-Hall, , pp. In the following excerpt, Mollinger considers "Bartleby" to be a portrayal of basic human, psychological needs, focusing especially on Melville's portrayal of oral fixations.
In Melville's "Bartleby the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street" Bartleby's lack of motivation to work, his employer's motivation for putting up with him, the imagery, and even the actual subject of the story have yet to be fully clarified. Psychoanalytic critics of Melville's "Bartleby" have been remarkably consistent in their diagnoses of the enigmatic scrivener as schizophrenic. Along with the tale's nearsighted narrator, they have isolated Bartleby as a fascinating case study while overlooking the importance of his relationship to the other characters in the tale.
The problem with such readings is that, in isolating Bartleby as a psychological aberration, An Annotated Checklist of Criticism. Newman, Lea Bertani Vozar. Overview of critical perspectives accompanied by an extensive list of essays and books about "Bartleby.
Plot and Major Characters "Bartleby, the Scrivener" is narrated by a Wall Street lawyer who deals in investment opportunities for wealthy clients. Major Themes Much of the story's complexity originates from the limited perspective of the narrator, who reveals much about himself while he relates the few facts known about Bartleby.
As a result, differing and sometimes conflicting interpretations have been advanced. He only speaks when he is summoned; he has no discernible emotional reactions, and he floats around the office as if he is not even there.
Bartleby is more of a "fixture" than a human being. Death is alluded to not only in Bartleby's own physical nature but also in the office itself, with its "dead brick wall" that match the "dead-wall reveries" of his mind. Bartleby's ghostly form shows that he does not take pleasure in life; he does not eat or drink or even go for walks. He barely speaks with other people. The narrator ultimately understands that…… [Read More].
Melville Herman Melville's short story "Bartleby the Scrivener" describes the drudgery of daily life in an office. The reader learns about the title scrivener from a well-meaning, good-natured lawyer who hires Bartleby to help in the office alongside his relatively ineffective scribes Nippers and Turkey. At first, Bartleby seems a good fit in spite of his dour demeanor.
As time passes, Bartleby loses all motivation to work. He starts to refuse to work completely, as he sinks deeper and deeper into a depression. The narrator reaches out to Bartleby but only in superficial ways, never managing to penetrate the real underlying reasons for Bartleby's funk. Bartleby's death sparks in the narrator a deep sympathy for the plight of humanity.
He calls out for "hope for those who died unhoping; good tidings for those who died stifled by unrelieved calamities. Bartleby the Scrivener Analysis Essay. It is one of the most inscrutable works of Herman Melville. While Melville is perhaps most famous for his nautical adventure tales, this paper delves into the enigmatic cogs and wheels that make this short story a piece of eternal literature.
Eternal literature transcends the constraints of time and relatability, touching upon themes and symbols that are indelible to human existence. This paper summarizes the major events of the short story, briefly addresses the main characters, and examines the more predominant themes.
Introduction Bartleby, the Scrivener by Herman Melville is one of his most elusive and compelling short-stories, one that most critics deem to be his ultimate masterpiece. One of the main reasons that critics herald it as such a masterpiece is because it can be interpreted in so many ways—as a supernatural tale, as…… [Read More]. Social Contradiction the Contradiction Between. Franklin's autobiography demonstrates a truly American kind of businessman, because he so neatly embodies all of the assumptions and logical fallacies that American capitalism depends on in order to justify its dominance in an ostensibly equitable and representative society.
Where Franklin's autobiography demonstrates the peculiar appeal to divine right that is used to justify the inequity of American capitalism, Herman Melville's Bartleby the Scrivener demonstrates the almost willful obtuseness necessary for any apologists of capitalism who must interact with the exploited lower classes on a regular basis.
The narrator of Bartleby the Scrivener is entirely unaware of anything outside the extremely limited range of his own preconceived ideas, which is both why Bartleby's passive resistance stuns him so much and he is ultimately unable to come to terms with Bartleby's death.
He practically admits as much when he says "the easiest way of life is the best," because the easiest…… [Read More]. In Cather's "Paul's Case," the title character is a vibrant young man whose passion and creativity is constrained by his pitiful life in Pittsburgh, where his only solace is his work as an usher. Melville's protagonist Bartleby in "Bartleby the Scrivener" lacks the joie du vivre that Paul possesses.
However, both of these protagonists plummet toward death as the only foreseeable relief from the terrible injunction of life. Their approaches to death are different, though.
Bartleby is wholly unlike the young Paul, who feels regret the instant he realizes the "folly of his haste," Cather para On the contrary, the senior Bartleby remains fully resigned to self-abnegation throughout his adult life. Herman Melville Bartelby the Scrivener. Therefore, both characters failed to have positive reviews from their employer; yet, by compensation, they managed to remain employed.
The discrepancy between the assignments they were paid to manage and the actual results in fact will weight more by comparison to the amount of work Bartleby would be able to achieve up to a certain point. Therefore, it can be said that one of the first characterizations of the main character is provided through the comparative characterization of the other two important characters. As per the narrator, "a motionless young man one morning, stood upon my office threshold, the door being open, for it was summer.
I can see that figure now -- pallidly neat, pitiably respectable, incurably forlorn! It was Bartleby" Melville, Aside from the brief description when introducing the character of Bartleby, the narrator points out that "I engaged him, glad to have among my corps of…… [Read More].
Organizational Behavior What Is the. It is recommended that the oss should tell artleby to begin acting more responsibly or he will be forced to leave. Melville, Exactly why does artleby always "prefer not to? Why can't he make friends or communicate? What is at the heart of his rebellion? The best way to describe this individual is dysfunctional and it is obvious that he may suffer from some kind of mental disorder.
The reason why he refuses to make friends as well as communicate is because; he becomes more withdrawn and delusional in the story. The heart of his rebellion is his desire to do nothing and live off of what others have achieved in their lives. Melville, Are there any ironies in the story that you could point out?
Walt Whitman and Herman Melville. Whitman uses simile effectively "The glories strung like beads on my smallest sights and hearings" and uses metaphors effectively to link himself with others that have crossed the river in the past "The dark threw its patches down upon me also…" because he certainly wasn't and isn't perfect at all so he had a metaphor for that "I too knitted the old knot of contrariety…".
Melville's narrator, whose work is brilliant but a bit tedious, can slip personification, a metaphor and a simile into the same sentence for effect. For example, talking about Turkey, a previous employee "a temperate young man" the narrator explains that "…nature herself seemed to have been his vintner, and at his birth charged him so thoroughly with an irritable, brandy-like disposition, that all subsequent potations were needless.
Melville and rving The dawn of the American nation brought with it a need for a decidedly American culture, one depicted with careful precision by many of the authors that came to paint the literary landscape of the new magnate across the Atlantic.
Washington rving, the first American great, told the story of the nascent, colonial United States through youthful folklore limned with great detail and attention to the inner workings of the human spirit in its new land.
Half a century later, Herman Melville entranced the same people with his swashbuckling narration of pirates, whales, and sailors; America's best, who, against all odds, battled sea, spray, and monster to find their way back home. While Melville declared his preference for creative genius over adept imitators like rving, he could not escape rving's influence, from which he learned that realistic details of rural life in American can be worked memorably…… [Read More].
Value of Conflict in Fiction. The narrator becomes repulsed by Bartleby and decides that he must be suffering from some type of mental problem. The less the narrator knows about Bartleby the worse things seem to be for him. He wants to make sense of things. He wants it all to make sense. The conflict arises from his inability to do so. The narrator is simply being human in his desire to control and understand things but Kafka is demonstrating how we cannot always know everything and how we must be at peace with that, lest we become insane.
It is also important to point out that some things are simply not meant to be known or completely understood. Kafka does not attempt to explain everything in this story because we often face situations that will never be truly understood. Marquez demonstrates conflict and how it makes for interesting fiction by allowing the readers to…… [Read More]. Jeffersonian Belief and Fiction Although.
Herman Melville's "Bartleby the Scrivener" also uses a heightened situation to illustrate a greater human truth. In realistic terms, Bartleby's refusal to work is absurd, at least to the lengths which the title character carries his impulse to "prefer not" to do anything. Also, the level of bureaucratic intransigence of Bartleby's colleagues also seems ridiculous, as they obsess over their fellow worker's refusal to endorse the practices of their offices by toiling away and useless endeavors.
But Bartleby's tale illustrates the soul-crushing nature of modern life, and the purposeless of much of the paperwork that human beings are forced to plow through, simply to make a living. Bartleby wants out of the 'rat race,' and by seeing Bartleby's reaction, and the reaction of others to Bartleby's denial of the value of work and government regulation, the reader is able to see the more muted, but still absurd truths of his…… [Read More].
Discuss in the discussion group. Jonathan Edwards gives us a perfect example of the Calvinist beliefs of the Puritan settlers in early New England. Edwards studied theology at Yale University -- where today there is still a dormitory named after him -- but then became a noteworthy preacher in the Great Awakening, which exhorted an entire generation to renew their Christian faith.
Edwards' skill in preaching lies in using literary imagery to get across abstract theological concepts. Calvinist theology believes in "total depravity" -- in other words, because of Adam and Eve eating the apple, human beings are fallen, and stained with "original sin.
A living, evolving document -- from guaranteeing the right to enslavement in the 18th century to modifications in favor of freedom in the 19th century Constitution today protects the rights of all in its language, but this was not always the case in its text and spirit.
As a political tactic as well as out of personal conviction and experience, Frederick Douglass' characterization of the American Constitution as an anti-slavery document is certainly an admirable piece of rhetoric.
Douglass stated that although the America he spoke to at the time of his autobiography My Bondage and My Freedom, was a nation divided between free and slave states and territories, fundamentally America was and "is in its letter and spirit, an anti-slavery instrument, demanding the abolition of slavery as a condition of its own existence" Slavery, Douglass stated, deprives an individual of his or her dignity, deprives an…… [Read More]. Kafka's the Metamorphosis Question 3 in.
Kafka's the Metamorphosis Question 3. In this topic, discuss the symbolism in Kafka's "Metamorphosis. There are also other equally important symbols too, like music, furniture, the apple, and Gregor's insect body. In this topic, analyze how Kafka uses symbolic objects and images to convey Gregor's pain and suffering. You can also connect Kafka's story to Bartleby or Gogol's "Overcoat. Within the canon of classic Western literature, there have been few works of fiction which have inspired as much critical debate as Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis.
Originally written in and published in his native German in , Kafka's masterpiece presents the curious dilemma of Gregor Samsa, a young man who readers learn in…… [Read More]. Illusion in Melville's Short Stories. Just like the letters, and just like Bartleby, everyone dies. The time that is spent living is spent completing meaningless tasks. This is what the narrator realizes at the novel's end, when he says "Ah, Bartleby! In Billy Bud, illusion is used in a different way.
Billy Bud is the main character who lives based on illusion because of his naivety. This naivety means that he is not able to see situations as they really are. For this reason, the evil Claggart is able to constantly manipulate him. This leads to Billy's downfall, and ultimately, his death.
Much like Bartleby, the final message is that you cannot live based on illusion. Instead, you have to see the reality in situations. The major…… [Read More]. Psychology Testing Psychometric Emotional Intelligence. As emotionally intelligent employees are reportedly more content, conscientious and committed in the workplace, businesses and organizations are repeatedly advised to recruit and retain these individuals. Abraham , nevertheless, reports that the strongest findings emerging from her study was.
The effect of job control on emotional intelligence. Aims and Objectives Aim To explore concepts encapsulated in and related to EQ testing, through intensive research and appropriate assessment of collected data.
Each objective presented in this proposal reflects an area of interest which will be expounded upon. As Objective 5, however, mirrors a primary consideration, plans are to include numerous samplings of related studies. Imagery is one characteristic for which Ezra Pound's poetry is known. Through poems about trees, human beings, dogs, separation, the ancient gods, and society, Pound utilizes imagery to successfully convey his messages.
Pound's poems are precise and clear, speaking volume with very little words. Pound also deviated from most traditional forms of rhyme and meter to further enhance the meaning of the poem. In "A Girl," the poet explores the beauty and exhilaration of the through a large, towering tree that is something as simple as a child…… [Read More]. Women and Eccentricity in Shaw Eliza Doolittle. Eliza as been turned out by er fater into te slums of London and se longs to live in comfort and security.
Se tinks er dreams can come true if se can speak proper Englis. Te Dog-woman, on te oter and, unlike te Cockney flower girl, is practically a misfit, but not quite. Se wears er size and oddness as toug tey were inevitable. Te title of W. Yet te image actually comes from te sexing of ybrid cerries. Te Dog-Woman is te perfect image of tat old joke about te pound gorilla wo can sit on te bus werever e likes.
Se is a giantess, can old normal-sized Jordan in er palm, and plows er way troug life in a way tat tells everyone…… [Read More]. E-Communities' Impact the Impact of. Twelve ESL learners who participated subsequently found that participating in text-based online chat rooms promoted a noticeable difference in their face-to-face conversations, particularly in noticing their own linguistic mistakes.
Psychologists stress little if any learning occurs without attention. Compared to face-to-face conversations, CMC allows conversations to flow at slower speeds than face-to-face; consequently permitting "speakers" to have longer times to process receiving and producing the target language.
CMC can save texts previous messages in format that users may later access. Practice makes perfect, but many ESL students do not have opportunities to practice speaking English. This Website is trying to establish an online community to enable…… [Read More]. Alexander the Great There Is. Instead, while under false arrest and retreating from the Macedonians, Darius was killed by one of his subjects.
Therefore, it is important to look at the opportunities that Darius had to attack Alexander and his troops prior to that battle. Looking at those opportunities, it becomes clear that Darius' best chance to defeat Alexander's army would have been to attack Alexander before he had the chance to gain the support of the Greek city-states.
To do that in the most successful manner, Darius would have needed to attack the armies of Parmenion and Attalus. This would have permitted Darius to defeat Alexander before…… [Read More]. How Democracy Leads to Tyranny. Theories of Freedom To answer the questions of why De Tocqueville and Mill think that democracy is a threat to the liberty of the individual and whether they are right, this paper will show that both De Tocqueville and Mill viewed democracy as a mechanism that could easily become tyrannical and thus overwhelm one's individual liberty.
Is there any system of government that does not represent a potential threat to the liberty of the individual when it…… [Read More]. Independent Readings Between Expanding. Another element of the back-and-forth argument is that Booker T. He also alludes to lynching, by saying that money does not protect a person against the "rope" or "fire. In addition, there is a refrain of a pair of lines which occurs at the beginning of the…… [Read More].
Religion More Than a Word. And bee it also Enacted by the Authority and with the advise and assent aforesaid that whatsoever person or persons shall from henceforth use or utter any reproachfull words or Speeches concerning blessed Virgin Marv the Mother of Our Saviour or the holy Apostles or Evangelists or any of them shall in such case for the first offence forfeit to the said Lord Proprietary and his heirs Lords and Proprietaries of this Province the sume of five pound Sterling or the value thereof to be Levyed on the goods and chattells of every such person soe offending, but in case such Offender or Offenders, shall not then have goods and chattells sufficient for the satisfying of such forfeiture, or that the same bee not otherwise speedily satisfyed that then such Offender or Offenders Shall be publiquely whipt and bee imprisoned during the pleasure, of the Lord Proprietary or the Lieut.
Human Nature Despite the Fact. In the Far East, by contrast, we see a different version of mankind. Mengzi maintained that all human morality was held together by a single concept: Simply put, ren is a love and respect for all things human McGreal 6. To Mengzi, a person can only achieve ren if they undergo an attainment of knowledge to the point where they reach a workable grasp of the place for each form of love.
The rituals and education that bring about knowledge is li; the ultimate form of li is yi -- the highest principle governing the adoption of li.
So, although Mengzi believes that all people possess a certain amount of these qualities naturally, in order to fully attain ren and yi a person must cultivate their inner courage individually. In this respect, the way in which man's spirit is cultivated is similar to the interpretation…… [Read More]. Reputable or Not Necessitates That. The fact that Percy's engagement with Anne was broken off has also been substantiated.
According to tarkey , Percy's engagement with Anne was repealed and he married Mary Talbot, the daughter of earl of hrewsbury in the August of or Mary demanded a divorce accusing Percy of a "pre-contract betrothal" to Anne. Anne was subsequently put on trial. Then again, there are also sources showing that the King had urged Cardinal Wolsey to end the engagement. All of these corroborate Cavendish's account and we may therefore decide to accept his statements as fact and as primarily, if not totally, objective.
On the other hand, we may decide to suspect the objectivity of the writer based on the following…… [Read More]. Role King or Madman The Art of. The Art of the drama in Shakespeare's drama of Henry IV, Part I Henry IV and Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Shakespeare is of course a dramatist, that is, he was an author of plays with fictional characters in them, portrayed by real people known as actors.
Yet quite often Shakespeare's fictional characters are themselves 'actors' in their own life stories, creating personas that they play in addition to acting out their true, 'real life' struggles of the plot as defined by the author. Based on the perception of the narrator, his character remains elusive. He is described as elusive because of his mysterious ways. Bartley cannot exist in a world where conformity is a requisite for his survival.
This character is a symbolic meaning that reveals the death of Bartley at the end of the story. He believes that the world is meaningless to him and he constantly challenges what other human beings view as normal conformities. Even the lawyer does not understand his epitaph of originality, which makes difficult for the lawyer to explain the reasons for his rejection to obey him. The lawyer does not understand each other because the character of Bartley is elusive.
In this case, the narrator who is the lawyer believes in the materialistic viewpoint whereas Bartley believes in the existentialist perspective. An existentialist view the physical world as worthless and a conceptual reality whereas materialistic view the physical world is a reality with conceptual meaningless. Therefore, this depicts Bartley as someone who has already lost hope in life something, which foreshadows his death at the end.
His death seem like a conquest for the existentialist man that was depicted from his mysterious character. His death symbolizes his decision to depart from the mysterious and strange world that he does not understand.
The third physical characteristic that foreshadows the death of Bartleby is that he is described as incurably forlorn. He is described as someone whose is incurably forlorn meaning that he has no passion for life. He is a character who has alienated himself from the rest of society. As the story progresses, nothing in life interests or excites Bartleby any more. Even the ginger cakes he tastes in the beginning of the story foreshadow his later abstinence from eating, since ginger cakes symbolize lack of sweetness.
Bartleby is represented as a character living in total isolation and alienation from the rest of the human kind. The character seems to feel safe in the physical office walls.
This is because the office walls help him to hide himself from the world in which he has been alienated from and the world that he cannot survive in thus foreshadows his death.
Without the protective wall, the character must come face to face with the figurative walls that prevent him from conforming to the society and the humankind and make him join the world where he can survive. This gives Bartleby two options; either he confirms with the rest of the society or he dies and the character cannot confirm to society. This leaves him with no other choice but death. He chooses to alienate himself from the world in which he could not conform to and leave it behind.
The Lawyer is only a human being who stretches himself beyond the confines of his work environment and finally realizes that he is not the only one who fails Bartleby, but all of humanity. The fourth physical characteristic that foreshadows the death of Bartleby is that he is described as pallid.
Bartleby the Scrivener literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Bartleby the Scrivener.
Bartleby the Scrivener Essay Words | 10 Pages. Bartleby’s Isolation and the Wall Introduction: “Bartleby the Scrivener, A Story of Wall Street” is a short story by Herman Melville in which the narrator, a lawyer who runs a firm on Wall Street, tells the story of a rebellious scrivener who worked for .
- Bartleby, the Villian in Bartleby, the Scrivener Herman Melville's short story, "Bartleby, the Scrivener," poses many moral questions, but refuses to answer them nicely and neatly. Unfortunately, Melville's . Bartleby Essay; Bartleby Essay. Bartleby the Scrivener by Herman Melville Essay. Words | 3 Pages. Bartleby the Scrivener by Herman Melville Herman Melville, an American novelist and major literary figure explored psychological themes in many of his works. Herman Melville was born in in New York City into an established merchant family.
SOURCE: "Bartleby the Scrivener: A Parable of Pessimism," in Nineteenth-Century Fiction, Vol. 27, No. 1, , pp. [ In the following essay, Stempel and Stillians consider "Bartleby" to be the . In an essay, Graham Thompson, says that “the predominant themes in discussions of ‘Bartleby’remain changes in the nature of the workplace in antebellum America and transformations in capitalism” ().