For the point-by-point structure, each similarity or difference for one object is followed immediately by the similarity or difference for the other. Both types of structure have their merits. The two types of structure, block and point-by-point , are shown in the diagram below. Compare and contrast structure words are transition signals which show the similarities or differences. Below are some common examples.
When making comparisons or contrasts, it is important to be clear what criteria you are using. Study the following example, which contrasts two people. Here the criteria are unclear. Although this sentence has a contrast transition , the criteria for contrasting are not the same.
The criteria used for Aaron are height tall and strength strong. We would expect similar criteria to be used for Bruce maybe he is short and weak , but instead we have new criteria, namely appearance handsome and intelligence intelligent. This is a common mistake for students when writing this type of paragraph or essay. Compare the following, which has much clearer criteria contrast structure words shown in bold.
Below is a compare and contrast essay. This essay uses the point-by-point structure. Click on the different areas in the shaded boxes to the right to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.
This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also the thesis statement and summary , as these repeat the comparisons and contrasts contained in the main body.
There have been many advances in technology over the past fifty years. These have revolutionised the way we communicate with people who are far away. Compare and contrast methods of communication used today with those which were used in the past. Before the advent of computers and modern technology, people communicating over long distances used traditional means such as letters and the telephone. Nowadays we have a vast array of communication tools which can complete this task, ranging from email to instant messaging and video calls.
While the present and previous means of communication are similar in their general form , they differ in regard to their speed and the range of tools available. One similarity between current and previous methods of communication relates to the form of communication. In the past, both written forms such as letters were frequently used, in addition to oral forms such as telephone calls.
Similarly , people nowadays use both of these forms. Just as in the past, written forms of communication are prevalent, for example via email and text messaging. In addition, oral forms are still used, including the telephone, mobile phone, and voice messages via instant messaging services. However , there are clearly many differences in the way we communicate over long distances, the most notable of which is speed.
This is most evident in relation to written forms of communication. In the past, letters would take days to arrive at their destination. In contrast , an email arrives almost instantaneously and can be read seconds after it was sent. In the past, if it was necessary to send a short message, for example at work, a memo could be passed around the office, which would take some time to circulate. This is different from the current situation, in which a text message can be sent immediately.
Another significant difference is the range of communication methods. Fifty years ago, the tools available for communicating over long distances were primarily the telephone and the letter. By comparison , there are a vast array of communication methods available today. These include not only the telephone, letter, email and text messages already mentioned, but also video conferences via software such as Skype or mobile phone apps such as Wechat, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter.
In conclusion, methods of communication have greatly advanced over the past fifty years. While there are some similarities, such as the forms of communication , there are significant differences, chiefly in relation to the speed of communication and the range of communication tools available.
There is no doubt that technology will continue to progress in future, and the advanced tools which we use today may one day also become outdated. Compare and contrast papers are most commonly seen in secondary and post-secondary classrooms and, in many circumstances, the assignment instructions will clearly outline the topics or ideas that need to be compared.
However, in the event that it does not, you may be asked to create a basis for comparison on a subject of your choosing. If you are asked to come up with a topic, it is important the subjects be comparable so that you are capable of clearly articulating the differences and the similarities between each.
For example, you would be hard pressed to compare Christmas Trees to Easter Hams. Save for being centered on the holidays, the two have very little in common.
Apple Trees and Oak Trees, albeit not very interesting subjects, are comparable. After having settled on the items for comparison, it is necessary to think methodically about how the items relate to one another and how they may differ and to create a list that clearly outlines your findings. For example, you may determine that the fruit of the apple tree can be harvested to create food whereas the wood of the oak tree can be harvested to create shelter.
Both trees provide shade. However, it should consist of enough similarities and differences to aid you in creating an initial starting point and help you to formulate essay ideas. We have created a Plagiarism Checker for Teachers.
Feel free to use it! Search our giant database of original essays classified by topic. The thesis statement should be reflective of your findings. A more detailed and multifarious thesis statement will typically consist of both similarities and dissimilarities.
Whichever direction you go, the essay writing format is the same: The introductory paragraph should engage readers and encourage them to continue reading, for this reason it is important to focus on a key fact about one of the subjects being compared or to ask a question that will be answered in the body or conclusion of the essay.
The introduction of a comparison paper should effectively describe what the proceeding essay is to discuss so if you are planning to compare apple trees and oak trees, be certain to use clear language. Why do oak trees create curb appeal? Both improve the esthetics of a yard for different reasons, and they have more similarities than you may have originally thought.
The introduction should be used to create an overall outline of the comparison research paper. For example, if the initial compare and contrast paragraph focuses on comparing and contrasting each tree, the second should focus on a different point — like the overall esthetics of the two, and the third may be about differences in upkeep.
Much like all essays, the body of a compare and contrast essay requires a certain degree of planning. This means that before attempting to compare and contrast the chosen subjects, it is necessary to create a list of everything that you know to be true about each item.
This means that you may have to do a little more research to see how your items are connected. As you research each item, attempt to find information that may not be widely known. Keep in mind that if a reader is going to choose to read an essay comparing and contrasting apple and oak trees, they probably already have a thorough knowledge on the subject matter.
In order to keep your essay informative and engaging, you will need to source for factual information that not only impresses the reader but also teaches them something they may not have already known. The closing paragraph is also essential in writing a comparing and contrasting essay. It should conclude the compare and contrast essay in its entirety and not leave any margin of doubt.
Essentially, there are two possible ways to outline or organize a comparative writing paper. The first, being the one mentioned earlier — the Point-by-Point or Alternating Method.
Point-by-Point Compare and Contrast Essay Sample Guide not as well-known a man-eater like its Nile or saltwater relatives. In May of , there were two separate instances.
A compare and contrast essay outline example such as comparing and contrasting two dogs, Molly and Morgan may sound something similar to this: “ Do opposite poles attract? Well, the principle of attraction states that they do.
Comparison: Sample Point by Point Essay. Make a point of comparison for each topic and then write about first one item of the comparison and then the other. In longer essays, each half of the comparison is a separate paragraph (as in this essay). A transition separates the two halves of the comparison (different from, in contrast, on. Video: Comparison Essays: Block & Point-by-Point Methods In this lesson, we discuss the two major types of comparison essays: the block method and the point-by-point method. We also review the.
Mar 05, · Are you geared up towards writing a point by point compare and contrast essay? Don’t hurry, read this helpful guide first/5(). Under the point-by-point organization for a compare and contrast essay outline, you’ll need as many paragraphs as the number of aspects you’re comparing and contrasting. Each paragraph will have a topic sentence focused on the aspect you’re comparing and contrasting.